Forex Trading chart patterns overview

Chart patterns General overview

Wed Oct 27 2021 20:29
When you're a newbie or an experienced trader, chart patterns might be tough to spot on trading charts. However, you can begin by understanding the most basic chart patterns and work your way up. When it comes to spotting market trends and forecasting movements, chart patterns are crucial.

Technical analysts use chart patterns to identify trends in the behaviour of a company's stock price. Patterns can be used to a bar, line charts, and candlesticks. They can be predicated on months, days, hours, minutes, seconds, or even ticks. A trend line is the most fundamental type of chart pattern.

Technical analysis is on the basis of chart patterns, which necessitates traders to know what precisely they are searching for. A chart pattern is a feature inside a price graph to help forecast price changes following the previous behaviour.

But how many chart patterns are there?

42 recognized chart patterns can be split into simple and complex patterns. However, below are the commonly used stock chart patterns.

Best chart patterns

  • Head and shoulder
  • Double top
  • Double bottom
  • Rounding bottom
  • Cup and handle
  • Wedges
  • Pennants
  • Pennants
  • Flags
  • Ascending triangle
  • Descending triangle
  • Symmetric triangle
 Since all these commodities chart patterns indicate diverse trends in many markets, there are no "best" chart patterns. Chart patterns are regularly used in candlestick trading, making it simpler to evaluate prior market closes and opens.

Trading with chart patterns varies in different ways. Some patterns are perfectly suitable for an unrestrained market more than others. Some common chart patterns work best in bullish, while others work best in negative markets.

It's critical to understand the best chart pattern for your industry since not understanding which one to use or utilizing the wrong one could result in you losing profit.

What are the support and resistance levels in chart patterns?

The point at which an asset’s price stops dropping and increasing again is termed as support. On the other hand, resistance can be defined as the point where the price generally stops rising and starts falling.

The balance between sellers and buyers or supply and demand causes levels of resistance and support to arise. The price will increase when the demand is considered than supply in a market. In cases in which the sellers are more than the customers, (supply over demand), the price can drop. 

For example, demand may be greater than the supply in crypto chart patterns or forex chart patterns, causing asset price rise. The market price can approach the optimum that purchasers can buy; hence the demand will fall. Because of that, buyers may choose to end their buying positions

When purchasers are closing their positions, supply starts to surpass demand, leading to resistance and falling of the price toward the support level. 

When the asset’s price falls sufficiently, different buyers may be willing to get back to the market since the pricing has taken a new direction and is more acceptable to result in a support level where demand and supply begin to balance out. 

If the increased purchasing continues, the price will be moving up again, approaching a resistance level, as demand outstripped supply. When a price drops through a resistance level, it may become a support level.

Chart pattern types

There are three chart patterns types: continuation patterns, bilateral patterns, and reversal patterns.

A continuation denotes the continuing of the ongoing trend. Bilateral patterns alert traders about the possibility of the price going in any direction, indicating that the market is highly volatile.

Reversal graph patterns imply that a trend is about to reverse. 

CFDs can be used to take a position on any of these classic chart patterns. This is because CFDs allow you to trade both short and long positions, allowing you to speculate on both rising and falling markets. 

You may want to sell short during a reversal, bearish, or continuation, or buy longer during a continuation or bullish reversal, depending on the market analysis you've done and pattern. 

You may want to sell short during a reversal, bearish, or continuation, or buy longer during a continuation or bullish reversal, depending on the market analysis you've done and pattern. 

The essential thing to keep in mind when utilizing chart patterns in technical analysis is that they are not certain that a market will go in the projected direction - they are simply a prediction of what might occur to the price patterns. 

Confirming breakouts using additional indicators such as RSI and MACD or even a basic volume trend can help traders succeed.

Head and shoulders

The head and shoulders chart pattern attempts to foretell a market flip from bull to bear. All three levels collapse back to the same support level, marked by a huge peak with two small peaks on either side. After then, the trend is expected to break down in a downward direction.

Double top

A double top, in contrast to a double bottom, resembles the letter M. After finally breaking past the resistance level twice, the trend begins a reversal phase.

The trend then returns to the support level, falling through the line to begin a downward trend.

Double bottom

When the price has performed two unsuccessful tries to break through the support level, it forms a double bottom, which resembles the letter W: A reversal chart pattern. The market price switches to an uptrend, following twice failing to break past the support.

Rounding bottom

A bullish rising trend is usually indicated by a cup rounding bottom, while a rounding top usually shows a bearish downward trend. Traders can purchase amid the U shape to profit from the trend as it breaks past resistance levels.

Cup and handle

The cup and handle chart pattern is a well-known stock chart continuation pattern that indicates a positive market trend. It has the same rounding bottom as the one above, but it has a grip after the rounding bottom

The handle looks like a pennant or a flag, and once finished, the market will break out in a bullish ascending trend.  A wedge pattern is characterized by a tightening price action between the resistance and support lines; it can be a falling or rising wedge. 

The wedge, unlike the triangle, does not have a baseline trend line and is made up of either two downward or upwards trend lines

 In a downward wedge, the price is expected to pass through the resistance, while in an upward wedge, the value is expected to pass through the support. Because the breakout is going in an opposite direction to the general trend, the wedge is termed a reversal pattern.


Pennants are made up of two lines that intersect at a specific place. Traders halt, and the price unifies after a major upward or negative move before the trend resumes in the same direction.


The resistance and support lines run parallel until a breakthrough in the flagging stock chart pattern formed like a sloping rectangle. This is a reversal pattern since the breakout is typically in the opposite way of the trendlines.

Ascending triangle

The ascending triangle is a positive 'continuation' indices chart pattern that indicates a possible breakout in the intersect of the triangle lines.

Descending triangle

The descending triangle, in contrast to ascending triangles, indicates a bearish market decline. The resistance line is declining, and t horizontally support line, indicating the likelihood of a downward breakout.

Symmetrical triangles

Two trend lines begin to meet in symmetrical triangles, signalling a breakout in one of the ways. 

The resistance line is marked with a downward slope, while the support line is crossed with an upward pattern. Although the breakout can occur in any direction, it usually follows the market's general trend.

Chart Patterns Analysis Takeaway

These trading charts are perfect technical indicators to help you determine how and why the asset’s price moved in a specific direction and which future direction it might shift.

This is because chart formations can identify resistance regions and support to help traders determine whether to open a short or long position or closeout positions available in a trend reversal. 

Looking for some trading Chart Patterns to watch will keep you on the lookout as a trader.
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